The successful management of pests requires an understanding of the target pest ecology and habits.
It is the aim of the professional pest manager to undertake a program of Integrated Pest Management in the treatment of pest problems.
Integrated Pest Management relies on the combined use of physical, cultural, biological and/or chemical control of pests.
Physical control methods such as fly screens; physical means of proofing for birds, possums & rodents or physical means of pest detection, such as trapping, can sometimes be a more effective and appropriate means of pest control in gaining long term control over a particular pest infestation.
Cultural control methods of pest control such as improving ventilation to deter attack by termites or improving hygiene and sanitation measures to reduce the risk of cockroach infestation should always be undertaken, where possible, to make conditions less favourable for nuisance pests.
Biological control methods such as the introduction of parasites or predators to eradicate a particular pest have a growing importance in Integrated Pest Management.
Chemical control of pests, while often necessary, should be undertaken judiciously using the appropriate pesticide and means of application to minimise any risk to human, animal or plant life.
The safest and most effective pest control program combines the use of more than one of the above measures, where possible, to make the environment less suited to the survival of pests.
Chemical means alone are usually not the answer to the control of most pest infestations. This is particularly so in the case of termite infestation.